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zookeeper学习笔记2

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发表于 2015-3-20 14:35:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
zookeeper的实用场景有统一配置,统一命名服务,集群管理,分布式锁,分布式队列。
今天,我的实验场景是集群管理的ha功能.


实验架构如下:
Server[A/B]代码:
此处,我们需要第3方的模块
zkclient.py(https://github.com/phunt/zk-smoketest/blob/master/zkclient.py)
需要做些稍微的修改,因为我这里的ACL采用的是digest,而不是world
导入些模块:
import base64
import hashlib


定义些变量
auth="badboy:test"
user="badboy"
user_auth = "%s:%s" % (user, base64.b64encode(hashlib.new("sha1", auth).digest()))
#ZOO_OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE = {"perms":0x1f, "scheme":"world", "id" :"anyone"}
ZOO_DIGEST_ACL_SAFE = {"perms":0x1f ,"scheme":"digest", "id" : user_auth}


再将代码处的ZOO_OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE修改为ZOO_DIGEST_ACL_SAFE


最后就是认证了,我们需要在ZKClient类中的__init__最后一行添加zookeeper.add_auth(self.handle,"digest",auth , None)
这样,我们连接的句柄就是经过认证的了.


注意Server[A/B]代码不同之处是service函数处,所输出的ip内容是不一样的。
#!/usr/bin/env python
import logging
from os.path import basename, join ,dirname
from zkclient import ZKClient, zookeeper
from SimpleXMLRPCServer import SimpleXMLRPCServer

DEBUG=True
BASE_DIR=dirname(__file__)

if DEBUG:
    logname=""
    file_mode=""
else:
    logname=join(BASE_DIR,"app.log")
    file_mode="a"

logging.basicConfig(
    level = logging.DEBUG,
    format = "[%(asctime)s] %(levelname)-8s %(message)s",
    datefmt = "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S",
    filename = logname,
    filemode = file_mode,
)

log = logging

class TCZookeeper(object):

    ZK_HOST = "192.168.x.5:2181"
    ROOT = "/tc"
    WORKERS_PATH = join(ROOT, "nodes")
    MASTERS_NUM = 1
    TIMEOUT = 1000

    def __init__(self, verbose = True):
        self.VERBOSE = verbose
        self.masters = []
        self.path = None

        self.zk = ZKClient(self.ZK_HOST, timeout = self.TIMEOUT)
        self.say("login ok!")
        self.__init_zk()
        self.register()
        self.start_service()

    def __init_zk(self):
        nodes = (self.ROOT, self.WORKERS_PATH)
        for node in nodes:
            if not self.zk.exists(node):
                try:
                    self.zk.create(node, "")
                except:
                    pass

    def register(self):
        self.path = self.zk.create(self.WORKERS_PATH + "/node", "192.168.x.4", flags=zookeeper.EPHEMERAL | zookeeper.SEQUENCE)
        self.paths=self.path
        self.path = basename(self.path)
        self.say("register ok! I'm %s" % self.path)

    def service(self):
        '''
        do somethings
        '''
        return "My IP is:192.168.x.4"

    def start_service(self):
        server = SimpleXMLRPCServer(("192.168.x.4", 8000))
        self.say("Listening on port 8000...")
        server.register_function(self.service, "service")
        server.serve_forever()

    def say(self, msg):
        if self.VERBOSE:
            log.info(msg)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    tczk=TCZookeeper()
启动Server[A|B]输出如下:
A机192.168.x.4:
[root@web02 scripts]# python server.py
[2014-12-24 14:40:37] INFO     login ok!
[2014-12-24 14:40:37] INFO     register ok! I'm node0000000034
[2014-12-24 14:40:37] INFO     Listening on port 8000...

B机192.168.x.5(zookeeper也在这台机器噢):
[root@web02 scripts]# python server.py
[2014-12-24 14:40:37] INFO     login ok!
[2014-12-24 14:40:37] INFO     register ok! I'm node0000000035
[2014-12-24 14:40:37] INFO     Listening on port 8000...




我们再来看看Agent代码:
#!/usr/bin/env python
import xmlrpclib
import logging
from os.path import basename, join ,dirname
from zkclient import ZKClient, watchmethod
from SimpleXMLRPCServer import SimpleXMLRPCServer

DEBUG=True
BASE_DIR=dirname(__file__)

if DEBUG:
    logname=""
    file_mode=""
else:
    logname=join(BASE_DIR,"app.log")
    file_mode="a"

logging.basicConfig(
    level = logging.DEBUG,
    format = "[%(asctime)s] %(levelname)-8s %(message)s",
    datefmt = "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S",
    filename = logname,
    filemode = file_mode,
)

log = logging

class TCZookeeper(object):
    ZK_HOST = "192.168.x.5:2181"
    ROOT = "/tc"
    NODES_PATH = join(ROOT, "nodes")
    MASTERS_NUM = 1
    TIMEOUT = 1000

    def __init__(self, verbose = True):
        self.VERBOSE = verbose
        self.masters = []
        self.path = None

        self.zk = ZKClient(self.ZK_HOST, timeout = self.TIMEOUT)
        self.say("login ok!")
        self.get_master()

    def get_master(self):
        """
        get children, and check who is the smallest child
        """
        @watchmethod
        def watcher(event):
            self.say("child changed, try to get master again.")
            self.get_master()

        children = self.zk.get_children(self.NODES_PATH, watcher)
        children.sort()
        self.say("%s's children: %s" % (self.NODES_PATH, children))

        self.masters = children[:self.MASTERS_NUM]
        self.path=self.NODES_PATH+"/"+self.masters[0]
        self.serverip=self.zk.get(self.path)
        self.say("MasterIP:%s" %self.serverip[0])      
  
    def rpc(self):
        try:
            proxy = xmlrpclib.ServerProxy("http://%s:8000/" %self.serverip[0])
            return "content: %s" % str(proxy.service())
        except:
            pass
     
    def start_service(self):
        server = SimpleXMLRPCServer(("192.168.x.3", 8000))
        self.say("Listening on port 8000...")
        server.register_function(self.rpc, "rpc")
        server.serve_forever()

    def say(self, msg):
        if self.VERBOSE:
            log.info(msg)

if __name__ == "__main__":
  tczk = TCZookeeper()
  tczk.start_service()


启动agent输出如下:
[root@web01 scripts]# python agent.py
[2014-12-24 14:43:29] INFO     login ok!
[2014-12-24 14:43:29] INFO     /tc/nodes's children: ['node0000000034', 'node0000000035']
[2014-12-24 14:43:29] INFO     MasterIP:192.168.x.4
[2014-12-24 14:43:29] INFO     Listening on port 8000...


最后,我们看下client
#!/usr/bin/env python
import xmlrpclib
import time
#proxy = xmlrpclib.ServerProxy("http://192.168.x.3:8000/")
while True:
    try:
        proxy = xmlrpclib.ServerProxy("http://192.168.x.3:8000/")
        print proxy.rpc()
    except:
        pass
    time.sleep(1)


输出结果:
root@saltstack:/scripts# python client.py
content: My IP is:192.168.x.4
content: My IP is:192.168.x.4
content: My IP is:192.168.x.4
此时,我们将其192.168.x.4服务关掉.
很快打印的内容就变成
content: My IP is:192.168.x.5
content: My IP is:192.168.x.5
再看agent输出有,
[2014-12-24 14:47:34] INFO     child changed, try to get master again.
[2014-12-24 14:47:34] INFO     /tc/nodes's children: ['node0000000035']
[2014-12-24 14:47:34] INFO     MasterIP:192.168.x.5
看到没,原先MasterIP:192.168.x.4,现在192.168.x.5


呵呵,HA的功能试验完成了.
参考文档:
http://blog.csdn.net/lengzijian/article/details/9233327

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